Between 2007 and 2011 Deer Valley in Park City, has been ranked the top ski resort in North America in a survey organized by Ski Magazine.[104]. [citation needed], Following the death of Joseph Smith in 1844, Brigham Young, as president of the Quorum of the Twelve, became the effective leader of the LDS Church in Nauvoo, Illinois. Salt Lake City was the last link of the First Transcontinental Telegraph, completed in October 1861. World Map. Although St. George receives only about 3 inches (76mm) per year, Salt Lake City sees about 60 inches (1,524mm), enhanced by the lake-effect snow from the Great Salt Lake, which increases snowfall totals to the south, southeast, and east of the lake. It is one of the Four Corners states and is bordered by Idaho in the north, Wyoming in the north and east; by Colorado in the east; at a single point by New Mexico to the southeast; by Arizona in the south; and by Nevada in the west. [23], The first group of settlers brought African slaves with them, making Utah the only place in the western United States to have African slavery. Utah enjoys a distinct four-season climate. Utah is one of the 15 states that have not ratified the U.S. [citation needed] Watched by more than two billion viewers, the Games ended up with a profit of $100million.[161]. The meaning of Utes as "the mountain people" has been attributed to the neighboring Pueblo Indians,[16] as well as to the Apache word Yuttahih, which means "one that is higher up" or "those that are higher up". These five groups were present when the first European explorers arrived.[18][19]. Salt Lake City was previously host to the Utah Stars, who competed in the ABA from 1970 to 1976 and won one championship, and to the Utah Starzz of the WNBA from 1997 to 2003. [134] Although the LDS Church has officially repudiated such statements on many occasions, Democratic candidatesincluding LDS Democratsbelieve Republicans capitalize on the perception that the Republican Party is doctrinally superior. In addition, Weber State and Southern Utah (SUU) compete in the Big Sky Conference of the FCS. Since the establishment of Alta Ski Area in 1939 and the subsequent development of several ski resorts in the state's mountains, Utah's skiing has become world-renowned. Utah is home to world-renowned ski resorts made popular by light, fluffy snow and winter storms that regularly dump up to three feet of it overnight. Most, if not all, of the members of the U.S. government opposed the polygamous practices of the Mormons. I-84 West enters from Idaho near Snowville (from Boise) and merges with I-15 from Tremonton to Ogden, then heads southeast through the Wasatch Mountains before terminating at I-80 near Echo Junction. July is the hottest month for Utah with an average high temperature of 90.0, which ranks it as warmer than most states. [13] Utah also has the 14th-highest median average income and the least income inequality of any U.S. state. In 2006, the legislature passed legislation aimed at banning joint-custody for a non-biological parent of a child. One of the conditions for granting Utah statehood was that a ban on polygamy be written into the state constitution. Utah has many significant ski resorts. In central Utah, coal production accounts for much of the mining activity. With new church converts coming from the East and around the world, Church leaders often assigned groups of church members as missionaries to establish other settlements throughout the West. [86] The Mormons in Utah tend to have conservative views when it comes to most political issues and the majority of voter-age Utahns are unaffiliated voters (60%) who vote overwhelmingly Republican. Much of the scenic southern and southeastern landscape (specifically the Colorado Plateau region) is sandstone, specifically Kayenta sandstone and Navajo sandstone. RSL Women currently play at Utah Valley University in Orem. It is a rugged and geographically diverse state at the convergence of three distinct geological regions: the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, and the Colorado Plateau. Just north of Dixie and east of Cedar City is the state's highest ski resort, Brian Head. [57], In February 2009, Africanized honeybees were found in southern Utah. Wind and rain have also sculpted the soft sandstone over millions of years. One exception to this aridity is Snake Valley, which is (relatively) lush due to large springs and wetlands fed from groundwater derived from snow melt in the Snake Range, Deep Creek Range, and other tall mountains to the west of Snake Valley. The dry, powdery snow of the Wasatch Range is considered some of the best skiing in the world (the state license plate once claimed "the Greatest Snow on Earth"). [162] BYU has won the National Championship in 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015. [5] The center of population of Utah is located in Utah County in the city of Lehi. In the 1890 Manifesto, the LDS Church banned polygamy. After Jon Huntsman Jr. resigned to serve as U.S. The city of Ogden, Utah was named after Peter Skene Ogden, a Canadian explorer who traded furs in the Weber Valley. West Jordan (35,376), Lehi (28,379), St. George (23,234), South Jordan (20,981), West Valley City (20,584), and Herriman (20,262) all added at least 20,000 people.[155]. The eastern half of the state lies in the rain shadow of the Wasatch Mountains. The Bonneville Salt Flats are an exception, being comparatively flat as a result of once forming the bed of ancient Lake Bonneville. Since the days of the Utah Territory mining has played a major role in Utah's economy. [91] In addition, it had the highest average weekly church attendance of any state, at 51%. Over the next 22 years, more than 70,000 pioneers crossed the plains and settled in Utah. The corroborative testimonies coming out of Utah from Mormons and former Mormons influenced Congress and the people of the United States. Monthly temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine. Where Ideas Connect", which lasted until March 10, 2006, when the Utah Travel Council and the office of Governor Jon Huntsman announced that "Life Elevated" would be the new state slogan. Mammals are found in every area of Utah. The 103mi (166km) stretch from Salina to Green River is the country's longest stretch of interstate without services and, when completed in 1970, was the longest stretch of entirely new highway constructed in the U.S. since the Alaska Highway was completed in 1943. The Utah Indoor Clean Air Act is a statewide smoking ban that prohibits it in many public places. Hot summer days are followed by mild nights; near-freezing winter nights are followed by daytime temperatures near 60F (16C). During the early part of the Cold War era, uranium was mined in eastern Utah. Utah also has one minor league hockey team, the Utah Grizzlies, who play at the Maverik Center and compete in the ECHL. On March 22, 2013, one miner died and another was injured after they became trapped in a cave-in at a part of the Castle Valley Mining Complex, about 16 kilometres (9.9mi) west of the small mining town of Huntington in Emery County. The Mormons were still pushing for the establishment of a State of Deseret with the new borders of the Utah Territory. When the supposed rebellion should be quelled, Alfred Cumming would take the place of Brigham Young as territorial governor. Much of eastern Utah is part of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation. 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